Located in the far southeast of the boot shaped peninsula, Puglia is the least mountainous region in Italia, and forms the high heel of the Italian "boot".

Puglia is bounded on the north by Molise, to the east by the Adriatic Sea, to the south by the Golfo di Taranto, and to the west by Basilicata and Campania.

Rich in archeological finds, Puglia has a history that includes Italic peoples, Magna Grecians, Carthaginians (Hannibal) and of course Romans.

The city of Lecce is a fine example of Baroque architecture owing to its importance as a port city, as far back as 2nd Century Rome, and the unique limestone that is quarried nearby. Lecce limestone remains the city's number one export; soft, and easily carved, it is ideal for statues and decorative stonework. Lecce also has a Roman amphitheatre (25,000 seats) and a Duomo (cathedral) originally built in the 12th C. and completely restored in the 17th C.

The city of Brindisi, along Puglia's southern coast, was the terminus for the first great Roman road, Via Appia, built in the 3C. BC to reach from Rome to Brindisi. Bari, the regional capital of Puglia is the second largest city in southern Italy after Napoli (Naples), and worth a visit to stroll, shop, and dine in the ancient city center.

The conically shaped Trulli houses of Alberobello (alberi belli-beautiful trees) are unmistakably Puglian. The design has been traced back to the 10th C., but some still occupied today are as old as the 14th C. Many of the Trulli have been converted to vacation homes where the stone walls and roof structure provide natural cooling even in the summer heat of southern Italia.

Puglia has a vibrant cuisine as agriculture still plays a dominant role in the regional economy. Tomatoes are referred to as “red gold” and 40% of the olive oil produced in Italia originates in Puglia.
The Old Quarter of Bari divides the Old Port from the newer Great Port in this historic trading center. Through the centuries Greeks, Saracens, Normans and Spanish would flavor the character in Bari. The Castel del Monte built in the 13th C. by Holy Roman Emperor, Fredrick II, is not to be missed.