Separated from Sicily (Sicilia) by a mere 2 miles the region of Calabria forms the toe of the Italian peninsula. Homer paid tribute to this narrow channel in the Odyssey (Scylla and Charybdis). Today Marina di Scilla, Calabria is a popular summer resort.

Bounded to the north by Basilicata, to the east by the Ionian Sea, and the west by the Tyrrhenian Sea, the majority of the region is hilly or mountainous.

Having extensive coastline on the Tyrrhenian and Ionian, Calabria offers the adventurous traveler a broad array of sandy beaches and rocky cliffs. The absence of dense commercial development allows a predominantly crystal-blue shoreline punctuated by dramatic rocky shores.

Tropea, in the province of Vibo Valentia, is an exceptional example of high, sandstone cliffs overlooking transparent, jewel-like waters on white beaches.

Crotone is a Calabrian, coastal town located on the Ionian Sea.  An Achean port city founded in the 8th C. BC, Crotone served as a trading center for Magna Grecia until falling to the Carthaginians (3rd C. BC), and then the Romans. 

Crotone’s Greek legacy includes such names as Milo, “master of all the Olympiads”, “the last athlete of Crotone” and “the first among Greeks”, Pythagoras, philosopher and mathematician,  and a temple to Hera dedicated to mourning the death of Achilles.

The National Archeological Museum of Crotone holds many remnants of past glory. Today Crotonese craftsmen do fine work in onyx and precious metals to replicate the museum pieces for visitors.

West of Crotone, and inland at the junction of two rivers, rests Cosenza. A regional center of learning for 500 years, the Academia Cosentina in Cosenza has provided a constant in the changing face of conquest. The well preserved Swabian Castel, built during the reign of the Holy Roman Empire and renovated by the Spanish, the Argonese, has been both a seminary and a prison.

Alaric, the Visigoth King who sacked Rome in 410 AD, was buried nearby and treasure hunters still search Cosenza for his tomb, and the treasure from the sack of Rome.